The John Clare Page: Critical Bibliography




John Goodridge




Manuscripts and archival materials


































This list of modern critical responses to Clare is designed to supplement, with a generous overlap, the existing bibliographies, which are listed below. (The most important are those by Crossan, Dendurent, and Estermann. Dawson is the most useful guide to recent criticism.) Since the emphasis here is on critical writings, supplemented by biographical and historical scholarship, I have not attempted to list editions, stray publications, creative, journalistic, personal or autobiographical responses. These areas are sampled where they appear to have significant critical content or contribute to general Clare scholarship. Introductions to editions are included. Review essays are normally included, and the more important reviews (others are cited selectively under the reviewed book's entry). Citations to reference volumes are by no means exhaustive.

A comprehensive bibliography of Clare, though, is not attempted here, partly because it would demand an unreasonably large amount of space, but also because, as Greg Crossan has noted, such a thing serves no purpose. Some of the excluded areas noted above would be best served by having their own dedicated bibliographical resources (a listing and discography of the proliferating musical responses to Clare, for example, would be very useful). The particular purpose of the present list is to enable readers to see how Clare criticism has developed over three decades. It is therefore arranged chronologically, by year, with separate sections for bibliographies and sources of manuscript and archival information at the beginning. There are four sub-sections for each year: (a) books, (b) articles, chapters and short pamphlets, (c) scholarly theses, and (d) John Clare Society Journal (from 1982), the latter separately listed in order to enable readers to assess the contents of each annual number. Material of value from the John Clare Society Newsletter (mainly notes and queries), is included under (b). Where (as is usual) no date is given for an item, the year of publication is the one under which it is filed.

The index was developed for the John Clare Page on the internet, where it will continue to be updated and corrected. The 1993-2000 part of it has also been published in the John Clare Society Journal, nos. 18-19 (1999-2000), and new publications will continue to be listed in the Journal.

Thanks are due to Celia Coates and Mary Dawson (Library and Information Services, Nottingham Trent University) for invaluable database searching, to Bob Heyes for generously supplying copies of bibliographical materials and extensive general assistance, to Simon Kövesi for putting things into shape for the website, and to Paul Chirico, Stephen Colclough, John Coletta, Greg Crossan, Tim Fulford, Bob Heyes, Bridget Keegan, Simon Kövesi, John Lucas, Jim McKusick, Scott McEathron, Simon Sanada, John Wareham and Sarah Zimmerman for their contributions.

[Note: Some of the entries below are available online, and have been linked accordingly. SK]


A Check List of Books By and About John Clare (chiefly from a private collection) (Wilbarston, Northamptonshire: Pilgrim Publications, 1970), 20 page pamphlet.

Crack, F. N., 'Nature Poet John Clare', The Book and Magazine Collector, 113 (Aug 1993), 50-7.

Crossan, Greg, 'John Clare: A Chronological Bibliography', Bulletin of Bibliography, 32 (1975), 55-62, 88.

— 'John Clare: a Bibliography of Commentary on the Poems, to 1982', Bulletin of Bibliography, 41 (Dec 1984), 185-200.

— 'Some Fugitive John Clare Items 1820-1977', Notes and Queries, 231 (n.s. 33) (June 1986), 167-70.

Dawson, P.M.S., 'John Clare', in Literature of the Romantic Period: A Bibliographical Guide, ed. by Michael O'Neill (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998), pp. 167-80.

Dendurent, H. D., John Clare, a Reference Guide (London and Boston: George Prior Publishers and G. K. Hall, 1978), reviewed in Notes and Queries, 225 (n.s. 27) (Aug 1980), 378; and by John Barrell in Review of English Studies, 32 (1981), 114-15.

Estermann, Barbara H., John Clare: an Annotated Primary and Secondary Bibliography (New York: Garland, 1985), reviewed in Notes and Queries, 232 (n.s. 34) (June 1987), 286-9; Keats-Shelley Journal, 36 (1987), 203-5; JCSJ, 6 (1987), 50-1. Based on a dissertation: see Dissertation Abstracts International, 46 (4), 988A.

Musty, John, 'Collecting Country Writers 6. The Labouring Poets: Stephen Duck, Robert Bloomfield, and John Clare', Antiquarian Book Monthly Review, 13 (1) (Jan 1986), 4-15, includes a basic first editions checklist to 1981.

Romantic Movement Bibliography (annually, from 1979; formerly in ELN), a listing and selective review of Clare material, mainly by Mark Minor (whose summary reviews are incisive and useful).

Storey, Mark, 'John Clare', in Joanne Shattock (ed.), The Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature, Volume 4, 1800-1900, Third Edition (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000).

Todd, Janet M., 'John Clare: a Bibliographical Essay', British Studies Monitor, 4 (Winter 1974), 3-18.


Note: there are useful bibliographies in many of the books listed below, notably Crossan (1976), Chilcott (1985), Goodridge (1994), and Haughton, Context (1994).


Grainger, Margaret, A Descriptive Catalogue of the John Clare Collection in Peterborough Museum and Art Gallery (Peterborough: printed for the Earl Fitzwilliam, 1973), reviewed in Notes and Queries, 218 (n.s. 21) (Sep 1974), 354.

[Powell, David], Catalogue of the John Clare Collection in the Northampton Public Library (Northampton: Northampton Public Library, 1964; with inserted loose-leaf Supplement, 1971).

— 'The John Clare Collection in Northampton Public Library', Library World, 65 (May 1964), 362-3.

Rosenbaum, Barbara, 'John Clare (1793-1864)', Index of English Literary Manuscripts, Vol. IV (1800-1900), Part I (Arnold-Gissing), ed. by Barbara Rosenbaum and Pamela White (London: Mansell, 1982), pp. 421-58, 828-9.

Sutton, David C., Location Register of English Literary Manuscripts and Letters: Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century (London: British Library, 1995), I, pp. 203-5.




Adlard, John, 'John Clare: the Long Walk Home', English, 19, 85-9.

Brill, Barbara, 'Conservation and the Poet', Library Review, 22 (8), 412-15.

Evans, George Ewart, Where Beards Wag All (London: Faber), pp. 169-70.

Fraser, Angus M., 'John Clare's Gypsies', Northamptonshire Past and Present, 4 (5), 259-67, reprinted in Journal of the Gypsy-Lore Society, 3rd ser., 50 (1971), 85-100.

Pinsky, Robert, 'That Sweet Man, John Clare', in The Rarer Action: Essays in Honor of Francis Ferguson, ed. by Alan Cheuse and Richard Koffler (New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press), pp. 258-74.

Powell, David, 'Northamptonshire's Own Poet', Northamptonshire Life, Feb-March, pp. 33-5.

Storey, Mark, 'Clare's "Love and Beauty"', Explicator, 28 (March), item 60.

Watson, J. R., Picturesque Landscape and English Romantic Poetry (London: Hutchinson), pp. 22-3, 187-8.

Williams, Raymond, 'Ideas of Nature', Times Literary Supplement, 4 Dec, p. 1421.



Minor, Mark George, 'The Poet in his Joy: a critical study of John Clare's poetic development', PhD dissertation, Ohio State University; Dissertation Abstracts International, 31, 4784A.




Blunden, Edmund, John Clare: Beginner's Luck (Wateringbury, Kent: Bridge Books/Kent Editions); reprinted with corrections in JCSJ, 15 (1996), 5-10.



Fowles, John, 'The Blinded Eye', Animals, January, pp. 388-92, reprinted in Second Nature, ed. by Richard Mabey with Susan Clifford and Angela King for Common Ground (London: Jonathan Cape, 1984), pp. 77-89, and in Fowles's Wormholes: Essays and Occasional Writings (London: Jonathan Cape, 1998), pp. 259-68.

Frosch, Thomas R., 'The Descriptive Style of John Clare', Studies in Romanticism, 10, 137-49.

Jones, Leonidas M. (ed.), The Letters of John Hamilton Reynolds (Lincoln, NA: University of Nebraska Press), Appendix 1, pp. 71-2, prints an incomplete draft of a pre-publication notice of The Village Minstrel by Reynolds.

Storey, Edward, Portrait of the Fen Country (London: Hale), pp. 191-202.

Storey, Mark, 'Edwin Paxton Hood (not the Rev. Romeo Elton) and John Clare', Notes and Queries, 216 (n.s. 18) (Oct), 386-7.

Wade, R.A.R., 'An Introduction to John Clare', Journal of the Gypsy Lore Society, 3rd ser., 50, 82-5.



Barrell, John, 'The Idea of Landscape and the Sense of Place, 1730-1840: An Approach to the Poetry of John Clare', PhD dissertation, University of Essex (published as a book in 1972).

Bush, Eliot Jarvis, 'The Poetry of John Clare', PhD dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison; Dissertation Abstracts International, 32, 3295A.

Gillin, Richard L., 'In that so ungentle sky: A Study of John Clare's Sonnets', PhD dissertation, Bowling Green State University; Dissertation Abstracts International, 32, 6374A-75A.

Todd, Janet, 'In Adam's Garden; a Study of John Clare', PhD dissertation, University of Florida; Dissertation Abstracts International, 33, 768A (published as a book in 1973).




Barrell, John, The Idea of Landscape and the Sense of Place, 1730-1840: An Approach to the Poetry of John Clare (London: Cambridge University Press), reviewed in Times Literary Supplement, 9 June, p. 654; Connoisseur, 181 (Oct), 139; English, 21 (Autumn), 111-13; Anglo-Welsh Review, 22 (1) (1973), 197-208; Critical Quarterly, 15 (Summer 1973), 188-9; Notes and Queries, 218 (n.s. 20) (Sep 1974), 353-4.

Tibble, J. W. and Anne, John Clare: a Life (London: Michael Joseph), revised edition, reviewed in Times Literary Supplement, 13 Oct, p. 1216; The Scotsman (24 June).



'Celebrating the is', Times Literary Supplement, 9 June, p. 654.

Chilcott, Tim, A Publisher and His Circle: The Life and Work of John Taylor, Keats's Publisher (London: Routledge), esp. pp. 86-128; reviewed in Times Literary Supplement, 27 Oct; Review of English Studies, 24 (1973), 225-6; Notes and Queries, 218 (n.s. 20) (Sep 1974).

Church, Richard, 'A Poet and His Landscape', Country Life, 151 (23 March), 732.

Donoghue, Denis, 'Clare and Country', Spectator, 228 (25 March), 481-2, a review of Barrell.

Grigson, Geoffrey, Introduction to J.W. and Anne Tibble, John Clare: a Life, pp. xvii-xxi.

Todd, Janet, 'Mary Joyce in the Poetry of John Clare', Mary Wollstonecraft Newsletter, 1 (July), 12-18.

Wainwright, Judith, 'The Particular Place', Stand, 14 (3) (1972-3), 42-9.



Masson, Louis Joseph, 'The Fearful Vision: The Poetry of John Clare', PhD dissertation, University of Syracuse; Dissertation Abstracts International, 33, 279A.

Russell, Charles Anthony, 'Experience and Relationship: a Context for the Poetry of John Clare', PhD dissertation, University of Pennsylvania; Dissertation Abstracts International, 33, 6883A-4A.




Storey, Mark (ed.), Clare: the Critical Heritage (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul), reviewed in Times Literary Supplement, 27 July, p. 856; English Studies, 55 (1974), 367-8; Victorian Periodicals Newsletter, 3 (3) (Sep 1974), 32-4.

Todd, Janet, In Adam's Garden: a study of John Clare's pre-asylum poetry (Gainesville: University of Florida Press), University of Florida Humanities Monograph no. 39, reviewed by Mark Storey, Essays in Criticism, 24, 399-406.



'An unsuitable case for treatment', Times Literary Supplement, 27 July, p. 856.

Gregory, Horace, 'The Sight of Nature in the Poetry of John Clare', in his Spirit of Time and Place (New York: W.W. Norton), pp. 25-32.

Humfrey, Belinda, Review of Barrell (1972), Anglo-Welsh Review, 22 (1), 197-208.

Ishii, Shonosuke, 'John Clare no Shizen-shi' [John Clare's nature poems], Eige Seinen [The Rising Generation] [Tokyo], 119, 258-9, 332-3.

Jordan, John E. (ed.), De Quincey as Critic (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul), pp. 356-60, reprints De Quincey's 1840 comment on Clare and Allan Cunningham.

Kirkup, James, 'Clare the Bird Watcher', in Birds Nest: Twenty Poems by John Clare, ed. by Anne Tibble (Ashington: Mid-Northumberland Arts Group), pp. 10-16, and in Eigo Seinen [The Rising Generation] [Tokyo], 118, 634-7.

Stanford, Derek, 'Poetry', Books and Bookmen, 19 (Nov), 106.

Storey, Mark, 'A "Missing" Letter from John Clare to John Taylor', Notes and Queries, 217 (Feb), 54-7.

Tibble, Anne, 'The Provenance of the Poems', in Birds Nest: Twenty Poems by John Clare (Ashington: Mid-Northumberland Arts Group), pp. 7-10.

— 'John Clare and His Doctors', Charles Lamb Bulletin, n.s. 4 (Oct), 77-81.

Wade, Stephen, 'John Clare's Use of Dialect', Contemporary Review, 223 (Aug), 81-4.

Wainwright, Judith, 'The Particular Place', Stand, 14 (3), 42-9.

Williams, Raymond, The Country and the City (London: Chatto and Windus), pp. 132-41.



Dennehy, Frederick J., 'The Broken Charm: A Study of John Clare's Poetry', PhD dissertation, University of Virginia; Dissertation Abstracts International, 34, 1854A-5A.

Fletcher, C. V., 'The Poetry of John Clare: with particular reference to poems written between 1837 and 1864', MPhil dissertation, Nottingham University.

Rapf, Joanna, '"The Constellation of the Plough": The Peasant Poets, John Clare and his "Circle," a study of their relationship to some major Romantic writers', PhD dissertation, Brown University; Dissertation Abstracts International, 34, 6603A-4A




Storey, Mark, The Poetry of John Clare: a Critical Introduction (London: Macmillan), reviewed in English, 24 (1975), 62-3; Choice, 12 (April 1975), 224; English Studies, 56 (1975), 436-7; Dalhousie Review, 55 (Summer 1975), 387-9; Critical Quarterly, 17 (Summer 1975), 186-7; Library Journal, 100 (15 Jan 1975), 132; Criticism, 17 (Fall 1975), 371-3; Review of English Studies, 27 (1976), 90-1; Notes and Queries, 221 (n.s. 23) (March 1976), 135-7; Victorian Studies, 20 (Autumn 1976), 96-8; Yearbook of English Studies, 6 (1976), 300; Charles Lamb Bulletin, n.s. 13 (Jan 1976), 101-4.



Crossan, G. D., 'John and Thomas Clare', Times Literary Supplement, 1 March, p. 212.

Grigson, Geoffrey, 'Visions of Freedom', Country Life, 156 (17 Oct), 1150.

Hatley, Victor A., 'The Poet and the Railway Surveyors, an Incident in the Life of John Clare', Northamptonshire Past and Present, 5, (2), 101-6.

Luckin, Bill, 'The Pathology of the Past', Times Literary Supplement, 22 March, p. 294, a reply to Macalpine and Hunter, below.

Lupini, Barbara, '"An Open and Simple Eye": The Influence of Landscape on the Work of John Clare and Vincent Van Gogh', English, 23, 58-62.

Macalpine, Ida and Richard Hunter, 'The Pathography of the Past', Times Literary Supplement, March, pp. 256-7.

Nye, Robert, 'John Clare: Poet of Nature', Books and Bookmen, 19 (10), 54-5.

Porter, Peter, 'John Clare (1793-1864), in The English Poet: from Chaucer to Edward Thomas (London: Secker and Warburg), pp. 221-4.

Rapf, Joanna E., Review of Barrell and Tibble (both 1972), Studies in Romanticism, 13 (Winter), 79-84.

Robinson, Eric, 'A Note on John Clare', British Studies Monitor, 5 (Fall), 36-8.

Storey, Mark, 'Some Previously Unpublished Letters from John Clare', Review of English Studies, 25 (May), 177-85.

Tibble, Anne, 'Written by Clare', Times Literary Supplement, 10 May, pp. 502-3.

— 'John Clare: a Tribute', Countryman, 79 (Summer), 113.

Todd, Janet M., '"Very Copys of Nature": John Clare's Descriptive Poetry', Philological Quarterly, 53 (Jan), 84-99.




Levi, Peter, John Clare and Thomas Hardy (London: The Athlone Press), The John Coffin Memorial Lecture, 1975, reviewed in Modern Language Review, 73 (1978), 175-7.



Blythe, Ronald, 'The Dangerous Idyll: Sweet Auburn to Akenside', Essays by Divers Hands, n.s. 38, 15-20, collected in his From the Headlands (London: Chatto & Windus, 1982), pp. 144-61, and in his Talking About John Clare (Nottingham; Trent Editions, 1999), pp. 56-76.

Robinson, Eric, Review of Todd (1973), Barrell (1972), Storey (1973 and 1974), The Wordsworth Circle, 6 (Summer), 221-3.

Swingle, L. J. 'Stalking the essential John Clare: Clare in relation to his Romantic Contemporaries', Studies in Romanticism, 14 (Summer), 273-84.



Crossan, Greg, '"A Relish for Eternity": the process of divinization in the poetry of John Clare', PhD dissertation, University of Canterbury, New Zealand (published as a book in 1976).

James, A. W. P., 'John Clare's Art: Development and Disintegration in the Later Poetry', MPhil dissertation, University of London, Birkbeck College.




Crossan, Greg, A Relish for Eternity: the process of divinization in the poetry of John Clare (Saltzburg: Universität Salzburg), Saltzburg Studies in English Literature, Romantic Reassessment 53, reviewed in Yearbook of English Studies, 10 (1980), 303.



Bond, Edward, 'An Introduction to "The Fool"', Theatre Quarterly, 6 (Spring), 33-8 See also the materials by Walter Donohue and Peter Gill on pp. 12-32 of this number, Tony Coult's interview with Bond, 'Creating What is Normal', Plays and Players, 23 (Dec 1975), 9-13, and Benedict Nightingale's review of this play about Clare, 'Compassionate Scribler', New Statesman, 28 Nov 1975, p. 689.

Esslin, Martin, 'Nor Yet a "Fool" to Fame...', Theatre Quarterly, 6 (Spring), 39-44.

Haynes, John, 'Clare's Description', Stand, 17 (2), 9-14.

Pinsky, Robert, The Situation of Poetry: Contemporary Poetry and its Traditions (Princeton: Princeton University Press), pp. 118-33, 181-2, comparative discussing of Clare's badger poem.



Al-Wasiti, S. D., 'The Poetry of John Clare', PhD dissertation, Leicester University.

Brownlow, David Timothy, 'John Clare and Picturesque Landscape', PhD dissertation, University of York (Canada); Dissertation Abstracts International, 37, 5842A-3A (published as a book in 1983).

Link, Ronald W., 'Towards the Abyss: modern elements in the poetry of John Clare', PhD dissertation, Miami University; Dissertation Abstracts International, 37, 2897A-8A.




Bailey, Brian J., 'Clare's Ruined Village: Pickworth, Leicestershire', Country Life, 161 (21 April), 996.

Wade, Stephen P., 'John Clare's "The Parish": A Transition in Verse Satire', Stand, 18 (3), 51-5.

Wagner, Mary, 'The Enclosed World of John Clare', Farmer's Weekly, 29 April, pp. 110-11.



Jillings, M., 'Time and Related Themes in the Poetry of John Clare', MLitt dissertation, University of Stirling.




Crowson, Daniel, Rambles with John Clare (Helpston: C.E. Cutforth)

Washington, Peter, Brodie's Notes on Selected Poetry and Prose of John Clare (London: Pan Books).



Brownlow, Timothy, 'A Molehill for Parnassus: John Clare and Prospect Poetry', University of Toronto Quarterly, 48 (1) (Fall), 23-40.

Riga, Frank P., and Claud A. Prance, Index to the London Magazine (New York: Garland), Garland Reference Library of the Humanities, Vol. 103, identifies Clare's contributions and indexes his poems in the London.

Tomlinson, Steven, 'The Antiquary and the Poet: Edmund Artis and John Clare', Durobrivae, 6, 6-8.

White, Norman, 'John Clare and Gerard Manley Hopkins', American Notes and Queries, Supp. 1, 203-4.




Beer, Patricia, Review of The Midsummer Cushion, The Listener, 15 Feb, pp. 261-6.

Collier, Ray, 'John Clare: a Memory Lost?', Birds, 7 (Autumn), 27-9, reprinted as 'The finest naturalist...' in JCSN, 46 (Dec 1994), 2-3, and 47 (March 1995), 2-3.

Collins, Bob, 'Poet of the Shires: Bob Collins on the Trail of John Clare', The Lady, 8 March, pp. 440-1, 444.

Drabble, Margaret, A Writer's Britain: Landscape in Literature (London: Thames and Hudson), esp. 'The Pastoral Vision', pp. 60-6.

Gilpin, Arthur, 'John Clare: the Birdwatcher's Poet', Country Life, 3 Sep, pp. 766-7.

Grainger, Margaret, 'John Clare', Notes and Queries, 224 (n.s. 26) (Dec), 562, queries about quotations in the prose.

McNeil, Helen, Review of The Midsummer Cushion, New Statesman, 15 June, p. 878.

Taplin, Kim, The English Path (Ipswich: The Boydell Press), pp. 7-8, 27-30, 85-6 and passim.

Thatcher, David S. and Bryan N.S. Gooch, Musical Settings of Early and Mid-Victorian Literature: A Catalogue (New York: Garland), contains Clare material.

Tibble, Anne, Alone (London: Peter Owen), an autobiographical volume which includes the story of Tibble's struggle to publish The Midsummer Cushion for the first time.

— and Thornton, R.K.R., Introduction to John Clare, The Midsummer Cushion (Ashington and Manchester: Mid-Northumberland Arts Group and Carcanet Press), pp. vii-xvi.



Paira-Pemberton, Jean, 'Poesie et Folie chez John Clare', Dissertation, University of Strasbourg.




Neumeyer, Peter, Homage to John Clare: A Poetical and Critical Correspondence (Salt Lake City: Peregrine Smith, Inc.), reviewed in Western Humanitities Review, 35 (1981), 11-16.



Bond, Edward, 'The Blackbird in the Bush', The Guardian, 23 Oct, a review of Tibble (ed.), The Journal, Essays...

Campbell, Bruce, 'The Birds of John Clare', Folio, Summer, pp. 3-5.

Gilpin, Arthur, 'Identifying John Clare's Birds', Country Life, 25 Sep, pp. 1020-2.

Keith, W. J., The Poetry of Nature (Toronto: Toronto University Press), pp. 43-80.

Levi, Peter, Introduction to John Clare: Bird Poems (London: Folio Society), pp. 9-18.

Minor, Mark, 'Clare and the Methodists: a Reconsideration', Studies in Romanticism, 19 (1) (Spring), 31-50.

Pigrome, Stella, Review of The Midsummer Cushion, Charles Lamb Bulletin, n.s. 31 (July), 140-6.

Tibble, Anne, Introduction to John Clare: The Journal, Essays and Journey from Essex (Ashington and Manchester: Mid-Northumberland Arts Group and Carcanet Press), pp. 9-28.



Chilcott, Tim, '"A real world & doubting mind": A Critical Study of the Poetry of John Clare', PhD dissertation, University of Sussex (published as a book in 1985).




Howard, William, John Clare (Boston: Twayne Publishers), Twayne's English Authors Series, no. 312, reviewed in Yearbook of English Studies, 15 (1985), 312-13.



Geraths, Armin, 'A Frog's Eye View of the Romantics: Clare and Byron as Outcast Observers of Their Times', in The Hanover Byron Symposium, 1979, ed. by G Birkner et al (Salzburg: Institut für Anglistik und Amerikanistic, Universität Salzburg), Romantic Reassessment series, no. 80, pp. 152-4.

Hold, Trevor, 'John Clare's Last Journey', Northamptonshire Past and Present, 6 (4) (1980-1), 219-22.

Nye, Robert, 'Poetical Prosings of John Clare' The Scotsman, 17 Jan, Weekend Section, p. 3, review of Tibble (ed.), The Journal, Essays...

Paira-Pemberton, Jean, 'From Anon to a name: the case of John Clare', Ranam, 14, 39-59.

Patten, Brian, 'The Accessible Eden', Introduction to Clare's Countryside: Natural History Poetry and Prose of John Clare, selected and introduced by Brian Patten (London: Heinemann / Quixote Press), pp. [xi-xiv].

Raimond, Rosine, 'John Clare et la hantise de l'ailleurs', in Images de L'ailleurs dans la littérature Anglo-Americaine (Reims), pp. 49-63.

Scott-James, Anne, The Cottage Garden (London: Allen Lane), esp. pp. 42-5.

Spufford, Margaret, Small Books and Pleasant Histories: Popular Fiction and Its Readership in Seventeenth-Century England (London: Methuen), esp. pp. 1-6.

Storey, Mark, 'John Clare', in Justin Wintle (ed.), Makers of Modern Culture (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul).

Vincent, David, Bread, Knowledge and Freedom: A Study of Nineteenth-Century Working Class Autobiography (London: Europa Publications), a very important book, with references to Clare throughout.

Williams, Anne, 'Clare's Gypsies', The Explicator, 39 (3), 9-11.




Storey, Edward, A Right To Song: The Life of John Clare (London: Methuen), reviewed by Peter Levi in the Spectator, 13 Nov, pp. 24-6; New Statesman, 17-24 Dec, p. 47; by Norman Nicholson in Church Times, 24 Dec, p. 5; Daily Telegraph, 29 Jan 1983; Critical Quarterly, 25 (3) (1983), 93; Review of English Studies, 36 (1985), 283-4; The Wordsworth Circle, 16 (1985), 207-9; Keats-Shelley Journal, 34 (1985), 194-6; Studies in Romanticism, 25 (1986), 154-7.



Barrell, John, 'John Clare, William Cobbett and the Changing Landscape', in The New Pelican Guide to English Literature 5. From Blake to Byron, ed. by Boris Ford (Harmondsworth: Penguin), pp. 226-43.

Blythe, Ronald, 'An Inherited Perspective', and 'The Dangerous Idyll' in his From the Headlands (London: Chatto and Windus; New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich as Characters and Their Landscapes). See also 1975 and 1999.

Franklin, Mark, Introduction to Nature Poetry from John Clare (Sutton Mandeville, Salisbury, Wilts.: Perdix Press, 1982), pp. 7-17.

Grigson, Geoffrey, The Private Art: A Poetry Notebook (London: Allison and Busby) makes reference to Clare.

Höhne, Horst, 'John Clare's Rural Poetry and the Romantic Concept of Nature', Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Wilhelm-Pieck-Universität Rostock, 31, 57-61.

Lessa, Richard, 'Time and John Clare's Calendar', Critical Quarterly, 24 (1) (Spring) 59-71, reviewed in JCSN, 2 (June), 3.

Minor, Mark, 'Clare, Byron and the Bible: Additional Evidence from the Asylum Manuscripts', Bulletin of Research in the Humanities, 85 (1), 104-26.

Purkiss, John, The World of the English Romantic Poets: A Visual Approach (London: Heinemann), pp. 122-7.

Robinson, Eric and Richard Fitter, Introduction to John Clare's Birds (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp. vii-xx.

Sales, Roger, 'The Politics of Pastoral', in Kathleen Parkinson and Martin Priestman (eds), Peasants and Countrymen in Literature (London: English Department, Roehampton Institute of Higher Education), pp. 91-104 (see also 1983).

Smith, Hammond, Peter DeWint (London: F. Lewis), pp. 26-37.

Strang, Barbara M, 'John Clare's Language', in The Rural Muse, second edition, ed. by R. K. R. Thornton (Ashington and Manchester: Mid-Northumberland Arts Group and Carcanet Press), pp. 59-73.

Strickland, Edward, 'Conventions and Their Subversion in John Clare's "An Invite to Eternity"', Criticism, 24 (1), 1-15.

Thornton, R.K.R., Introduction to John Clare, The Rural Muse (Ashington and Manchester: Mid-Northumberland Arts Group and Carcanet Press), pp. 11-22.



Clare, Johanne Pierce, 'Social Identity and Experience in the Poetry of John Clare', Dissertation, University of Toronto; Dissertation Abstracts International, 42 (10), 4456A.


(d) JCSJ, 1 (1982)

Dixon, George E., 'Clare and Religion', 47-50.

Hold, Trevor, 'The Composer's Debt to John Clare', 25-9.

Lines, Rodney, 'John Clare's "The Skylark"', 53-6.

Robinson, Eric, 'Clare and Nature', 7-24.

Thornton, R. K. R., 'The Flower and the Book: The Gardens of John Clare', 31-45.




Brownlow, Timothy, John Clare and Picturesque Landscape (Oxford: Oxford University Press), reviewed in Notes and Queries, 230 (n.s. 32) (June 1985), 278-9; New Statesman, 22 July, p. 27; Keats-Shelley Journal, 34 (1985), 194-6; Modern Language Review, 81 (1986), 178-81; Studies in Romanticism, 26 (1987), 179-82.

Deacon, George, John Clare and the Folk Tradition (London: Sinclair Browne; New York: State Mutual Book and Periodical Service), reviewed in Times Literary Supplement, 27 July 1984, pp. 845-6; Victorian Studies, 28 (1985), 538-9.



Constantine, David, 'Outside Eden: John Clare's Descriptive Poetry', in J.R. Watson (ed.), An Infinite Complexity: Essays in Romanticism (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press for the University of Durham), pp. 181-201.

Dawson, P.M.S., Review of The Rural Muse and John Clare's Birds, Critical Quarterly, 25 (2), 90-4.

Essex, Alice, 'My Clare Summer', JCSN, 6 (Nov), 3-4, reminiscences of Clare descendants, etc.

Grainger, Margaret, General Introduction to Natural History, pp. xxxiii-l.

Hatley, Victor A. and Brian G. Statham, 'Nassaburgh Militia Lists 1762', in A Northamptonshire Miscellany, ed. by Edmund King (Northampton: Northamptonshire Record Society), pp. 109-46.

Motion, Andrew, 'Sublimely Humble', Times Literary Supplement, 25 Nov, p. 1306, a review of John Clare's Autobiographical Writings.

Philip, Neil, 'In search of an ideal landscape', Times Educational Supplement, 18 March, p. 31, a review of Storey (1982), the first Clare Journal, and John Clare's Birds, ed. by Robinson and Fitter.

Raimond, Rosine, 'Le moi et l'autre ou la quête de soi chez John Clare', in L'Autre dans la sensibilité Anglo-Saxonne (Reims), pp. 63-75.

Robinson, Eric, Introduction to John Clare's Autobiographical Writings (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp. vii-xiv.

Rush, Phil, 'John Clare: Village Fiddler', English Dance and Song, 45 (3), 10-12.

Sales, Roger, 'John Clare and the Politics of Pastoral', in English Literature in History 1780-1830: Pastoral and Politics (London: Hutchinson), pp. 88-109, developed from his 1981 essay, listed above.

Tate, Ann, 'In Search of Clare's Birds', Camping and Caravanning, 78 (6) (June), 36-40.


(d) JCSJ, 2 (1983)

Barrell, John, 'John Clare's "The Lane"', 3-8.

Dean, E. Barbara, 'John Clare at Lolham Bridges', 24-7.

Robinson, Eric, 'Editorial Problems in John Clare', 9-23.

Scrimgeour, Cecil, 'John Clare and the Price of Experience', 28-39.




Crossan, Greg, 'Three "lost" Epitaphs Recovered', JCSN, 8 (June), [3-4].

Hayward, Joan, [a short piece on memories of Helpston in the 1920s], JCSN, 8 (June), [2-3].

Hunnikin-Lepper, Philip, 'Memories of St Andrews Hospital', JCSN, 7 (April), 4.

Lucas, John, 'More Poet than Peasant', Times Literary Supplement, 27 July, pp. 845-6, a review of Later Poems and Deacon (1983).

Pigrome, Stella, 'John Clare Books', Charles Lamb Bulletin, n.s. 46 (April), 114-24, a review of Journal, Essays..., Midsummer Cushion, Rural Muse, John Clare's Birds, the Dendurent bibliography and the first Clare Journal.

Robinson, Eric and David Powell, Introduction to John Clare (Oxford: Oxford University Press), Oxford Authros series, pp. xv-xxvi.

— Introduction to Later Poems, pp. ix-xviii.

Shurey, Richard, Walking Through Literary Landscapes (Newton Abbott: David and Charles), pp. 64-71.

Storey, Mark, 'John Clare', Times Literary Supplement, 24 Aug, p. 943.

Strickland, Edward, 'Approaching "A Vision"', Victorian Poetry, 22 (3), 229-45.

Summerfield, Geoffrey, Fantasy and Reason: Children's Literature in the Eighteenth Century (London: Methuen), esp. pp. 58-63.

Wilson, Dudley, 'Peasant-Poet or King?', In Britain, May, pp. 26-7.

Young, L.S.H., 'John Clare and High Beech', JCSN, 7 (April), 1-4.



Rankin, Paula Clark, 'John Clare's Quest for Identity', Dissertation; Dissertation Abstracts International, 45 (5), 1410A; Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Microfilms International, 1984.

Spencer, C. M., 'Artifice in the Poetry of John Clare: a Study of Formal Devices and their Reception by the Reader', PhD dissertation, University of Wales, Cardiff.


(d) JCSJ, 3 (1984)

Banfield-Pearce, Lynne, 'John Clare and Peter De Wint', 40-8.

Brownlow, Timothy, 'A Moment's Monument', 34-7.

Crossan, Greg, 'The Godfrey Collection of Clare Items in the Peterborough Museum', 17-25.

Goddard, Joe, 'A Formative Influence of John Clare', 49-52.

Lessa, Richard, 'John Clare's Voice, and Two Sonnets', 26-33.

Storey, Mark, 'Clare in His Letters', 5-16.




Chilcott, Tim, 'A real world & doubting mind': A Critical Study of the Poetry of John Clare (Hull: Hull University Press), reviewed in Romantic Movement Bibliography (1985), 14-15; with The Parish in Notes and Queries, 232 (n.s. 34) (March 1987), 98-9; Keats-Shelley Journal, 36 (1987), 203-5.



Barker, Jonathan, 'The Songs of Our Land Are Like Ancient Landmarks: The Poetry of John Clare', Agenda, 22 (3-4) (1984-5), 78-89, a review of Oxford Authors, Natural History, and Later Poems.

Crossan, Greg, 'John Clare's Poetry: an Examination of the Textual Accuracy of Some Recent Editions', Studies in Romanticism, 24 (Spring), 581-98.

— 'Putting Some More Foliage on the Clare Family Tree', JCSN, 10 (April), [1-3].

Dawson, P.M.S., Review of Later Poems, Natural History, and Oxford Authors, Critical Quarterly, 27 (2), 86-7.

Groves, David, 'John Clare: "To a Lair at Noon"', Notes and Queries, 230 (n.s. 32) (Sep), 356; see also correction, 231 (Sep 1986), 402.

Lucas, John, Review of Brownlow (1983), Deacon (1983), and Storey (1982), Victorian Studies, 28, 538-9.

Powell, Margaret, [note on Parker Clare's marriage], JCSN, 11 (June), [2].

Robinson, Eric, Introduction to The Parish (Harmondsworth and New York: Viking), pp. 9-25.

Schultz, Max F., 'Crabbe's and Clare's Enclosured Vales', in Paradise Preserved: Recreations of Eden in Eighteenth and Nineteenth-Century England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 137-51.

Shurey, Richard, 'In the Footsteps of John Clare', Evergreen, Autumn, 44-50.

Strickland, Edward, Review of Later Poems, Oxford Authors, Autobiographical Writings, and Natural History, The Wordsworth Circle, 16, 204-7.

Thomas, Edward, 'John Clare', in Selected Prose: a language not to be betrayed, ed. by Edna Longley (Manchester: Carcanet), pp. 24-30. Thomas's essay on Clare was first published in 1917.

Watson, J. R., 'The Minor Poets', English Poetry of the Romantic Period 1789-1830 (London: Longman), pp. 303-13.

— Review of The Rural Muse, and Brownlow (1983), Durham University Journal, n.s. 46, 127-8.

Weedon, Margaret, 'John Clare's Early Acquaintance with Literature', Notes and Queries, 230 (n.s. 32) (Sep), 356-7.


(d) JCSJ, 4 (1985)

Chilcott, Tim, 'Indeterminacy in Clare's "The Landrail"', 5-11.

Heyes, Bob, 'John Clare and the Militia', 48-54.

Howard, William, 'John Clare's Passionate Shepherd', 12-22.

Robinson, Eric, 'Early Poems: the Biographical Evidence', 31-47.

Schechter, Harriet, 'The Limitations of Imitation: Byron, Clare and the "Hebrew Melodies"', 24-30.

Thomas, Denis, 'John Clare and the Private Press', 55-8.



(a) Aldritch, Arthur, The Road to Northborough: A Play (London and New York: S. French).


Blackmore, Evan, 'Clare's Psychiatric Disorder and Its Influence on His Poetry', Victorian Poetry, 24 (3) 209-28.

Bowman, Ian, 'Aiblins—John Clare?', Lallans, 26 (Whitsuntid), 10-24.

Chilcott, Tim, 'The rest is silence', Times Higher Education Supplement, 16 May, p. 17, a review of Letters.

Counsel, June, 'Dickens and Clare', JCSN, 14 (June), [3-4].

Fletcher, Angus, 'Style and the Extreme Situation', in Textual Analysis: Some Readers Reading, ed. by Mary Ann Caws (New York: Modern Language Association), pp. 289-305, on Clare and John Aubrey as outsiderly writers.

Jennings, Elizabeth, 'Written Amid Bustle', Daily Telegraph, 21 March, a review of Letters.

Lines, Rodney, [note and query on William Gilbert and High Beech], JCSN, 14 (June), [3].

Meyer, Richard, The Fate of the Badger (London: Batsford), esp. pp. 107-10.

Paulin, Tom, 'Clare in Babylon', Times Literary Supplement, 20 June, pp. 675-6, a review of Letters, reprinted in his Minotaur: Poetry and the Nation State (London: Faber, 1992), pp. 47-55.

Pearce, Lynne, Review of Later Poems and Oxford Authors, Notes and Queries, 231 (n.s. 33) (March), 122-3.

Sale, Roger, Closer to Home: Writers and Places in England, 1780-1830 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press), pp. 87-111.

Seeber, Hans Ulrich, 'The English Pastoral in the Nineteenth Century', Yearbook of Research in English and American Literature, 4, 67-96, includes brief but acute comment on Clare.

Storey, Mark, Introduction to Letters, pp. xvii-xxx.

Wagner, Mary, 'On a Clare Day', Farmer's Weekly, 15 Aug, pp. 62-3.

Williams, Merryn and Raymond, Introduction to John Clare, Selected Poems (London: Methuen), pp. 1-20.

Williams, Raymond, 'Clare's Voices', The Guardian, 13 Feb, a review of Letters.


(d) JCSJ, 5 (1986)

Counsel, June, 'Coming to Clare', 5-8.

Crossan, Greg, 'The Nine Lives of John Clare', 37-46.

Gillin, Richard L., 'Minute Particulars and Imaginative Forms', 22-9.

Lines, Rodney, 'John Clare and Herbal Medicine', 16-21.

Lucas, John, 'The Flitting', 9-13.

Thornton, R.K.R., 'The Nature of The Parish', 30-5.




Clare, Johanne, John Clare and the Bounds of Circumstance (Kingston and Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press), reviewed in Studies in Romanticism, 28 (Winter 1989), 660-5.



Crossan, Greg, 'Clare and Enfield's Speaker', Notes and Queries, 232 (n.s 34) (March), 27-8.

Grainger, Margaret, [note on John Clare's cravat], JCSN, 16 (May), [3].

Groves, David, 'John Clare and James Hogg: Two Poets in the Athenaeum', Bulletin of Research in the Humanities, 87 (2-3) (1986-7), 225-9.

Helsinger, Elizabeth, 'Clare and the Place of the Peasant Poet', Critical Inquiry, 13 (3), 509-31, reprinted in her Rural Scenes and National Representation: Britain, 1815-1850 (Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1997), pp. 141-61.

Herman, Vimala, 'How to See Things with Words: Language Use and Descriptive Art in John Clare's "Signs of Winter"', Language and Style, 20 (2), 91-109.

Porter, Roy, A Social History of Madness: Stories of the Insane (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson), pp. 76-81.

Powell, David, and Eric Robinson, 'John Clare', Notes and Queries, 232 (n.s. 34) (June), 244-5, a query about missing texts.

Robinson, Eric, '"To an Oaken Stem": John Clare's Poem Recovered and Reconstructed', Review of English Studies, 38, 483-91.

— 'A French Admirer of John Clare', JCSN, 17 (June), [2], summarises and recommends Rosine Raimond's two essays (listed above, 1981 and 1983).

— Review of Estermann (1985), Chilcott (1985), and Letters, Keats-Shelley Journal, 36, 203-5.

Storey, Mark, 'Byron and Clare: "Childe Harold" and "Child Harold"', in Byron: Byronism—Liberalism—Philhellenism, Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium, Athens, 6-8 July 1987, pp. 42-52.

Strickland, Edward, 'John Clare and the Sublime', Criticism, 29 (2), 141-61.



Pearce, Lynne, 'John Clare and Mikhail Bakhtin: The Dialogic Principle. Readings from John Clare's Manuscripts 1832-1845', PhD dissertation, University of Birmingham, an important and influential study.

Staples, Nöel, 'John Clare's "To the Rural Muse": a Textual Criticism and Commentary', BA dissertation, Cambridge College of Arts and Technology.


(d) JCSJ, 6 (1987)

Carr, J.L., 'Summer of '64', 34-5.

Clare, Johanne, 'The "English Truth" of John Clare', 21-33.

Heyes, Bob, 'John Clare and Enclosure', 10-19.

Powell, Margaret A., 'Clare and His Patrons in 1820: Some Unpublished Papers' 4-9.

Robinson, Eric, 'John Clare and the Newspapers: Reader and Contributor', 37-47.




Barrell, John, 'Being is Perceiving: James Thomson and John Clare', in his Poetry, Language and Politics (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1988), pp. 100-35; developed from his 1984 JCSJ essay.

Bowman, A. I., 'John Clare—The Scottish Connection', Scots Magazine, March, pp. 580-5.

Cronin, Richard, Colour and Experience in Nineteenth-Century Poetry (Basingstoke: Macmillan Press), pp. 1-4.

Crossan, Greg, 'The Helpston Clare Memorial', JCSN, 22 (Nov), [2-3].

Foss, Arthur and Kerith Trick, 'John Clare (1793-1864)', in St Andrews Hospital Northampton, the first 150 years (1838-1988) (Cambridge: Granta Editions), pp. 121-44.

Grainger, Margaret, 'The Nightjar and John Clare', in The Nightjar: Yesterday and Today, by Margaret Grainger and Richard Williamson (Chichester: West Sussex Institute of Higher Education), Otter Memorial Paper Number 3, pp. 30-2.

Lucas, John, 'Places and Dwellings: Wordsworth, Clare and the anti-picturesque', in Denis Cosgrove and Stephen Daniel (eds), The Iconography of Landscape: Essays on the Symbolic Representation, Design and Use of Past Environments (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 83-97.

Thornton, R.K.R., 'The John Clare exhibition of 1893', Peterborough's Past, 3, 40-4.


(d) JCSJ, 7 (1988)

Caddel, Richard, 'Things Held in Common', 41-8.

Chilcott, Tim, 'The Circumference of Knowledge: Clare's "Stone Pit"', 4-9.

Crossan, Greg, 'Note: Clare's "Aching(?) Sight"', 50-1.

Grainger, Margaret and John Chandler, 'From Helpston to Burghley: a Reading of Clare's "Narrative Verses"', 26-40.

Groves, David, 'Note: A Poem in The Englishman's Magazine', 51-2.

Robinson, Eric, 'John Clare's Learning', 10-25.




Buttery, Pauline, 'Pictures in Poetry', Home and Country, June, pp. 14-15.

Crossan, Greg; Evans, Dulcie, [information on the Clare cottage plaque], JCSN, 23 (Feb), [1-3].

Hand, R.J., 'Anthologised Clare and the Problem of Death Date', Notes and Queries, 234 (n.s. 36) (June), 181-2.

Paulin, Tom, 'The clown's last laugh', Observer, 11 June.

Pringle-Wilson, Douglas, [brief note on Clare and Haiku], JCSN, 26 (Dec), [2].

Pearce, Lynne, 'John Clare's "Child Harold": a Polyphonic Reading', Criticism, 31(2), 139-57.

Robinson, Eric and David Powell, Introduction to Early Poems, I, pp. ix-xxiv.

— '"A Second Edition of Imbecility": or, the Triumphs, Trials and Aspirations of an Editor' (Boston, MA: University of Massachusetts at Boston), pamphlet.

Strickland, Edward, 'Boxer Byron: A Clare Obsession', Byron Journal, 17, 57-76.

Sychrava, Juliet, Schiller to Derrida: Idealism in Aesthetics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), esp. ch. 6 (pp. 196-219).

Taplin, Kim, Tongues in Trees: Studies in Literature and Ecology (Bideford: Green Books), esp. pp. 41-55.


(d) JCSJ, 8 (1989)

Crossan, Greg, [note on Butterworth's version of the Scriven Engraving], 55.

Goodridge, John, 'Some Predecessors of Clare: "Honest Duck"', 5-10.

Moyse, Mary, 'John Clare's Family Tree', 24-30.

Pedlar, Valerie, 'John Clare's Child Harold', 11-16.

Powell, David, 'The John Clare Collection in Northampton Public Library', 37-43.

Robinson, Eric, 'Note: John Clare: "Bud of the Waste" in Child Harold', 53-4.

Strickland, Edward, 'The Shipwreck Metaphor in Clare', 17-23.




Carter, Russell, 'Mary Joyce's Grave', JCSN, 29 (Sep), 6.

Grainger, Margaret, 'The Decipherment of John Clare (1793-1864)', Archives of Natural History, 17 (3), 283-98.

Hillier, Richard, 'John Clare's Doctors', JCSN, 28 (June), 4.

Landry, Donna, The Muses of Resistance: Laboring-class Women's Poetry in Britain, 1739-1796 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), esp. pp. 133-5, comparing Clare and Anne Yearsley.

Lucas, John, 'Peasants and Outlaws: John Clare', in his England and Englishness: Ideas of Nationhood in English Poetry 1688-1900 (London: Hogarth), pp. 135-60; the Clare content is reviewed in JCSN, 27 (March), pp. 3-4.

Pyecroft, Beryl, 'John Clare Country', Heritage, 30 (Dec 1989/Jan 1990), 26-33.

Rayment, Nigel, 'The Failure of John Clare's Natural History of Helpstone: a Problem of Privilege', Critical Survey, 2 (1), 36-41.

Robinson, Eric, 'John Clare: Selections from the Northborough Poems', Antaeus, 64/5, 396-403.

— 'Vowel Play', JCSN, 27 (March), [1].

Staples, Noël, 'Pickworth Lime Kiln', JCSN, 30 (Dec), 1-2.

Storey, Mark, Introduction to John Clare, Selected Letters (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp. vii-xiii.

Summerfield, Geoffrey, Introduction to John Clare, Selected Poetry (London: Penguin Books, Penguin Poetry Library, reprinted in the Penguin Classics series, 2000), pp. 13-22. Summerfield's section introductions are also valuable.

Thornton, Kelsey, 'Ivor Gurney and John Clare', JCSN, 29 (Sep), 3.

— 'John Turnill Sketches' JCSN, 30 (Dec), 3-4.



Rayment, Nigel, 'Empiricism and the Nature Tradition', Dissertation; Dissertation Abstracts International, 51 (2), 506A.


(d) JCSJ, 9 (1990)

Chilcott, Tim, 'An Article on Articles', 31-43.

Goodridge, John, 'Some Predecessors of Clare: 2. The Response to Duck', 17-26.

Moyse, Mary, 'Richard Clare: Settlement Bond, 1670', 27-9.

Smith, J. B., 'John Clare's Constellations', 5-13.




Crossan, Greg, 'John Clare's Last Letter', Notes and Queries, 236 (n.s. 38) (Sep), 319.

— 'Joyce Family', JCSN, 34 (Dec), 4-5.

Dawson, Paul, 'Parker Clare's Scarborough Health Cure', JCSN, 31 (March [1991]), 2.

Grimes, Dorothy A., Like Dew Before the Sun: Life and Language in Northamptonshire (Northampton: privately published; reprinted 1992 and 1993), esp. pp. 271-88.

Hopkins, Chris, John Clare: A Natural Poet? (Sheffield: PAVIC Publications), pamphlet.

Jarvis, Frederick, Burning Bright: Poets of the Industrial Revolution (Upton-upon-Severn: The Self-Publishing Association), pp. 49-87.

Lines, Rodney 'Patty's Cottage', JCSN, 33 (Oct), 2.

McKusick, James, '"A language that is ever green": The Ecological Vision of John Clare', University of Toronto Quarterly, 61 (Winter 1991-2), 30-52.

Pearce, Lynne, 'John Clare's Child Harold: the road not taken', in Susan Sellers, Linda Hutcheon and Paul Perron (eds), Feminist Criticism: Theory and Practice (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1991), pp. 143-56.

Robinson, Eric, 'Joyce Family', JCSN, 33 (Oct), 2.

Staples, Noël, 'John Clare Symposium—10th Essex Festival', JCSN, 44 (Dec), 5-6, a useful report on the six papers, not all of which have been published.

Staples, Noël; Robinson, Eric, 'Clare's Flowers and Herbs', JCSN, 33 (Oct), 3.

Storey, Mark, 'Creeping into Print: Editing the Letters of John Clare', in The Theory and Practice of Text Editing, ed. by Ian Small and Marcus Walsh (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 62-89

Thompson, E.P., Customs in Common (London: Merlin Press), pp. 179-84.

Ward, John Powell, The English Line: Poetry of the Unpoetic from Wordsworth to Larkin (London: Macmillan), esp. pp. 57-60.

Wordsworth, Jonathan, Introduction to John Clare, The Shepherd's Calendar [1827] (Oxford and New York: Woodstock Books), 5 pp., unpaginated.


(d) JCSJ, 10 (1991)

Bates, Tom, 'Notes on "Maying or Love & Flowers"', 43-6.

Crossan, Greg, 'Clare's Debt to the Poets in His Library', 27-41.

Robinson, Eric, 'John Clare: Passing the Time of Day', 17-26.

Storey, Mark, 'The Poet Overheard: John Clare and His Audience', 5-16.




Martin, Frederick, The Life of John Clare (Temecula, CA: Reprint Services Corporation), a reprint of the 1865 biography.



Harrison, Robert Pogue, 'London Versus Epping Forest', in his Forests: The Shadow of Civilisation (Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press), pp. 211-20, on Clare and place.

Lucas, John, 'England in 1830—Wordsworth, Clare and the Question of Poetic Authority', Critical Survey, 4 (1), 62-6.

MacLennan, George, 'Clare', in his Lucid Intervals: Subjective Writing and Madness in History (Leicester and London: Leicester University Press), pp. 120-52.

McKusick, James, 'John Clare's London Journal: A Peasant Poet Encounters the Metropolis', The Wordsworth Circle, 23, 172-5.

Milne, Kirsty, 'Lines to a Lost Village Green', New Statesman and Society, 14 Aug, pp. 18-19.

Paulin, Tom, 'John Clare in Babylon', in his Minotaur: Poetry and the Nation State (London: Faber), pp. 47-55 (based on his 1986 review essay, listed above).

Robinson, Eric, 'Clare in the USA', JCSN, 36 (June), 5.

Wallace, Anne D., 'Farming on Foot: tracking georgic in Clare and Wordsworth', Texas Studies in Language and Literature, 34 (4), 509-40. See also 1993.

Yamakage, Takashi, 'The Vocation and the Poetic Structure in the Early Poems of John Clare', Studies in Humanities (Niigata University, Japan), 80.

— 'The Poetic Consciousness and Structure in John Clare's The Shepherd's Calendar', Studies in Humanities (Niigata University, Japan), 82.


Zimmerman, Sarah Mackenzie, 'Romantic Lyricism and the Rhetoric of Actuality: Charlotte Smith, Dorothy Wordsworth, and John Clare', PhD dissertation, Princeton University.


(d) JCSJ, 11 (1992)

Boden, Helen, 'Clare, Wordsworth's Pedlar, and the Fate of Genius', 30-42.

Blythe, Ronald, 'Some Fragments from the President's Addresses', 5-13.

Brewer, William D., 'John Clare and Lord Byron', 43-56.

Crossan, Greg, 'Another Version of the Scriven Engraving', 28-9.

— [An illustration of the interior of Clare's cottage], 27.

Dawson, P.M.S., 'John Clare—Radical?', 17-27.

Storey, Mark, 'Edward Drury's "Memoir" of Clare', 14-16.

Thomas, Denis, 'John Clare: Blunden's "Unseen Friend"', 57-60.




McKenna, John, Clare: A Novel (Belfast: Blackstaff Press).

Moyse, Peter, John Clare: The Poet and the Place (Helpston, Peterborough: The Crossberry Press), monochrome photogarphs of Clare country, with texts; corrected second edition pub. 1999.

Powell, David, The Life and Times of John Clare (Northampton: Northamptonshire County Council, Libraries and Information Service), illustrated introductory account of Clare.



Cobb, David, 'Clare', Blythe Spirit, 3 (3) (July), 17-19.

Goodridge, John, 'Identity, Authenticity, Class: John Clare and the Mask of Chatterton', Angelaki, 1 (2) (Winter 1993-94), 131-48.

— (ed.), The Poet John Clare, 1793-1864 (Helpston: The John Clare Society), loose-leaf information pack.

Kizer, Caroline, Introduction to The Essential Clare (Hopewell, NJ: The Ecco Press), pp. 3-19.

Lessa, Richard, 'A Clare Autograph in Hawaii', JCSN, 42 (Dec), 6-7.

Lines, Rodney, 'John Clare's Rutland', Rutland Record, 13, 104-7.

Mabey, Richard, Whistling in the Dark: In Search of the Nightingale (London: Sinclair-Stevenson); Clare material reviewed in JCSJ, 13 (1994), 94; see also his The Book of Nightingales (listed under 1997).

Neeson, J.M., Commoners: Common Right, Enclosure and Social Change in England, 1700-1820 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Nye, Robert, 'Ploughing a Lonely Furrow', The Times, 5 Aug, p. 32, review of The Shepherd's Calendar and The New Oxford Book of Romantic Period Verse.

Paira-Pemberton, Jean, 'Transmission Orale, Consigne écrité', Littoral, 33 (1992-3), 61-76.

— 'John Clare: Nom et Renom', Revue du Littoral, 38 (Nov), 43-61; translated as: 'John Clare: Name and Fame', Ranam, 37 (1994), 115-35.

Robinson, Eric, Introduction to Shepherd's Calendar, pp. ix-xxi.

—, David Powell and P.M.S. Dawson, Introduction to John Clare, Cottage Tales (Ashington and Manchester: Mid-Northumberland Arts Group and Carcanet Press), pp. ix-xlviii.

Staples, Nöel, 'Clare and Mary Queen of Scots', JCSN, 40 (June), 14.

Suzuki, Renichi, 'Lubin of "The Village Minstrel" and Clare' (Memoir of The Faculty of General Education, Kumamoto University, Foreign Language and Literature, no. 28), in Japanese.

Wallace, Anne D., Walking, Literature, and English Culture: The Origins and Uses of Peripatetic in the Nineteenth Century (Oxford: Clarendon Press), reworks and extends material from her essay listed under 1992 (b).


The following press and magazine articles, listed chronologically, celebrate Clare's 1993 bicentenary:

'John Who?', Northampton Chronicle and Echo, 15 Jan.

Tate, Ann, 'The Countryside in February', Camping and Caravanning, 88 (2) (Feb), 24.

Rogers, Byron, 'A long walk with Clare', The Guardian, 18 May.

Stuttaford, Dr Thomas, 'Medical Briefing: Poet in a Corner', The Times, 17 June.

'Genius wordsmith who was born poor, lived poor and died in an asylum', Peterborough Evening Telegraph, 26 June, pp. 28-9.

Nicholson, Christopher, 'The Rural Muse', BBC Worldwide, July, pp. 74-5.

Burton, Rosemary, 'Verse things first', The Guardian, 3 July, Weekend section, p. 47.

Somerville, Christopher, 'Under a cloud with the peasant poet', Daily Telegraph, 3 July, p. xxvii.

Paulin, Tom, 'Northamptonshire Visionary', Independent on Sunday, 11 July.

Cripps, Jennifer, 'Clare: the legacy no evil can destroy', Peterborough Evening Telegraph, 13 July, pp. 8-9.

Woollard, Ron, 'John Clare: A Born Poet', The Lady, 13-19 July, p. 45.

Glover, Michael, 'Romantic whose roots reached deep into the stony soil', Financial Times Weekend, 17-18 July, a review of Cottage Tales and Peter Moyse, John Clare: the Poet and the Place.

Taplin, Kim, 'Through John Clare's injur'd fields', Countryman, 98 (4) (High Summer), 100-4.

Brandon, David, 'Lunatic Poet', Nursing Times, 89 (34) (25 Aug), 71.

Motion, Andrew, 'Find enclosed: John Clare', Observer, 5 Sep, pp. 51-2.

Mabey, Richard, 'On the Sidelines', BBC Wildlife, Oct, p. 16.

Goodridge, John, 'John Clare at Two Hundred: A Memory Lost?', BARS Bulletin, no. 5 (Nov), 11-12.

Holloway, John, 'Neglected Greenness: Bicentenary Thoughts on John Clare', Cambridge Review, 114, 129.



Adams, Linden E., 'John Clare: Poet of Art or Poet of Nature?', MA dissertation, University of Liverpool.

Keegan, Bridget Mary, 'Sordid Melpomene: poetry and poverty in the work of Wordsworth, Clare, Hugo and Baudelaire', PhD dissertation, New York State University, Buffalo.


(d) JCSJ, 12 (1993)

Barrell, John, 'Bicentenary Thoughts', 52-3.

Bates, Tom, 'Sculpting Clare', 64-8.

Blade, Brian, 'Bicentenary Thoughts', 16.

Blythe, Ronald, 'Bicentenary Thoughts' 5-6.

Brownjohn, Alan, 'Bicentenary Thoughts', 54-5.

Crossan, Greg, 'Celebrating John Clare', 18-25.

Dixon, George E., 'Bicentenary Thoughts', 16-17.

Foster, Paul, 'Margaret Grainger (31 January 1936-2 August 1992)', 9-14.

Goodridge, John, 'The Writings of Margaret Grainger 1959-1992', 14.

Hand, Richard J., 'John Clare on Stage: Edward Bond's "The Fool" and the Issue of Faction', 57-61.

Heaney, Seamus, 'Bicentenary Thoughts', 28.

Heyes, Bob, 'Little Hills of Cushioned Thyme ', 32-6.

Hold, Trevor, 'Bicentenary Thoughts', 29-30.

Leatham, Lady Victoria, 'Bicentenary Thoughts', 6.

Mabey, Richard, 'John Clare: Knowing his Place', 28-9.

Motion, Andrew, 'Bicentenary Thoughts', 30.

Rae, Simon, 'Bicentenary Thoughts', 53.

Robinson, Eric, 'Bicentenary Thoughts', 30-1.

Storey, Edward, 'Bicentenary Thoughts', 17.

Storey, Mark (ed.), 'Past Thoughts', 37-9.

Street, Sean, 'Bicentenary Thoughts', 54.

Strickland, Edward, 'A Reading of "Song Last Day"', 40-50.

Thomas, R.S., 'Lunar', 62, poem, collected in his No Truce with the Furies (Newcastle upon Tyne: Bloodaxe Books, 1995), p. 12.

Thompson, E. P., 'Bicentenary Thoughts', 31.

Wain, John, 'Bicentenary Thoughts', 55.

Westwood, William, The Lord Bishop of Peterborough, 'Bicentenary Thoughts', 7.




Foulkes, Richard (ed.), John Clare: a Bicentenary Celebration (Northampton: University of Leicester, Department of Adult Education), reviewed by Philip Martin in Byron Journal, 23 (1995), 99-100; contains the following:

Crossan, Greg, 'John Clare: Our Contemporary', pp. 57-68.

Paulin, Tom, 'John Clare: A Bicentennial Celebration', pp. 69-78.

Powell, David, 'John Clare: Getting Into Print', pp. 1-26.

Street, Sean, 'The Making of Honest John', pp. 79-96.

Thornton, Kelsey, 'The Complexity of Clare', pp. 41-56.

Trick, Kerith, 'Clare's Asylum Experience', pp. 27-40.

Goodridge, John (ed.), The Independent Spirit: John Clare and the Self-Taught Tradition (Helpston: The John Clare Society and the Margaret Grainger Memorial Trust), reviewed in Bibliography of the Romantic Movement (1994), 55; Countryman, 100 (2) (Spring 1995), 110; English, 45 (Spring 1996), 79-84; Review of English Studies, 47 (1996), 306; Romanticism, 2 (1) (1996), 113-17. Contains the following:

Blythe, Ronald, '"The Best Of Thee Is Still Unknown": Kindred Spirits', pp. 181-92; reprinted in his Talking About John Clare (1999, listed below).

Boden, Helen, 'Review Essay: Clare, Gender And Art', pp. 198-208.

Bold, Valentina, 'James Hogg and the Scottish Self-Taught Tradition', pp. 69-86.

Cannell, Mary, 'John Clare and George Green', pp. 193-7.

Chirico, Paul, 'Writing Misreadings: Clare and the Real World', pp. 125-38; reprinted in Laurie Lanzen Harris (ed.), Nineteenth-Century Literature Criticism, Vol. 86 (Detroit and New York: Gale Group, 2000).

Ellis, R.J., 'Plodding Plowmen: Issues of Labour and Literacy in Gray's "Elegy"', pp. 27-43; reprinted in Ira Mark Milne (ed.), Poetry for Students, Vol. 9 (Detroit and New York: Gale Group, 2000), pp. 87-94.

Goodridge, John, Introduction, pp. 13-24.

— 'Pastoral and Popular Modes in Clare's Enclosure Elegies', pp. 139-55.

— Further Reading, pp. 209-21.

Lines, Rodney, 'Clare's "Rough Country Sonnets"', pp. 156-63.

Lucas, John, 'Bloomfield and Clare', pp. 55-68.

MacDonald Shaw, Clare, 'Some Contemporary Women Poets in Clare's Library', pp. 87-122.

Nattrass, Leonora, 'John Clare and William Cobbett: The Personal and the Political', pp. 44-54.

Rowbotham, Judith, 'An Exercise in Nostalgia?: Clare and Enclosure', pp. 164-77.

Haughton, Hugh, Adam Phillips and Geoffrey Summerfield (eds), John Clare in Context (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), reviewed in Times Literary Supplement, 8 July, pp. 5-6; Bibliography of the Romantic Movement (1994), 55-6; Essays in Criticism, 45 (1) (Jan 1995), 62-9; Romanticism, 1 (1) (Spring 1995), 152-8; English, 44 (Spring 1995), 87-91; Times Higher, 21 April 1995, p. 18; The Wordsworth Circle, 26 (2) (1995), 229-30; Literature and History, 3rd ser., 5 (2) (Autumn 1996), 68-72; Keats-Shelley Review, 11 (1997), 207-11. Contains the following:

Birns, Nicholas, '"The Riddle Nature Could Not Prove": Hidden Landscapes in Clare's Poetry', pp. 189-220.

Chambers, Douglas, '"A Love for Every Simple Weed": Clare, Botany and the Poetic Language of Lost Eden', pp. 238-58.

Gaull, Marilyn, 'Clare and the "Dark System"', pp. 279-94.

Haughton, Hugh, 'Progress and Rhyme: "The Nightingale's Nest" and Romantic Poetry', pp. 51-86.

— and Adam Phillips, 'Introduction: Relocating John Clare', pp. 1-27.

Heaney, Seamus, 'John Clare: A Bi-centenary Lecture', pp. 130-47; reprinted in his The Redress of Poetry (London: Faber, 1995), pp. 63-82, as 'John Clare's Prog'.

Lucas, John, 'Clare's Politics', pp. 148-77.

McKusick, James, 'Beyond the Visionary Company: John Clare's Resistance to Romanticism', pp. 221-37.

Phillips, Adam, 'The Exposure of John Clare', pp. 178-88, also published in his On Flirtation (London: Faber, 1994, 1995), pp. 206-17.

Porter, Roy, '"All Madness for Writing": John Clare and the Asylum', pp. 259-78.

Storey, Mark, 'Clare and the Critics', pp. 28-50.

Selected Further Reading, pp. 295-301.

Lucas, John, John Clare (Plymouth: Northcote House), Writers and Their Work series.



Heinzelman, Kurt, 'The Uneducated Imagination: Romantic Representations of Labor', in At the Limits of Romanticism: Essays in Cultural, Feminist, and Materialist Criticism, ed. by Mary A. Favret and Nicola J. Watson (Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1994), pp. 101-24, indirectly relevant to the study of Clare, who is mentioned once or twice in the essay.

Hutchings, Geoffrey, 'The Containment of John Clare: a Case-Study in Literary Enclosure', English Studies in Africa, 37 (1), 1-17.

Jurgis, Andy, 'Edward Thomas at High Beech', JCSN, 46 (Dec), 4-5.

Lucas, John, 'Revising Clare', in Romantic Revisions, ed. by Robert Brinkley and Keith Hanley (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

McKusick, James, 'John Clare and the Tyranny of Grammar', Studies in Romanticism, 33 (Summer), 255-77.

Moss, Stephen, 'A Poet for All Seasons', The Guardian, 3 March.

Olsen, William, 'Poetry and Vision', Chicago Review, 40, 33-50.

Phillips, W.C., 'Loose Notes in the Waste of Air: The Skylark According to Shelley, Wordsworth and John Clare', Revista Canaria de Estudios Ingleses [Universidad de La Laguna, Tenerife], 29 (Nov), 179-186.

Powell, David, 'More Clare Manuscripts at Northampton', JCSN, 44 (June), 6.

Richardson, Alan, Literature, Education and Romanticism: Reading as Social Practice, 1780-1832 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), esp. pp. 254-7.

Sales, Roger, 'Poor Relations: Writing in the Working Class 1770-1835', in David B. Pirie (ed.), Penguin History of Literature 5. The Romantic Period (London: Penguin), pp. 257-88.

Shepherd, Valerie, Review of Cottage Tales, Spoken English, 27 (1) (Jan).


(d) JCSJ, 13 (1994)

Bates, Tom, 'John Clare and "Boximania"', 5-17.

Brewer, William D., 'Clare's Struggle for Poetic Identity in The Village Minstrel', 73-80.

Cox, Peter, '"The Hearts Hid Anguish": Clare and Tennyson in Epping Forest', 33-9.

Dawson, P.M.S., 'Review Essay: History and Natural History', 92-4.

Heyes, Bob, 'A Neglected Account of Clare in the Asylum', 59-60.

Kossick, Kaye, 'Review Essay: Starting Points', 81-4.

Lamont, Claire, 'John Clare and the Gypsies', 19-31.

Lessa, Richard, '"Disdaining Bounds of Place and Time": John Clare in Hawaii', 61-72.

Lincoln, John, 'Review Essay: Clare and the Modern Artist', 84-5.

Pedlar, Valerie, '"No Place Like Home": Reconsidering Matthew Allen and His "Mild System" of Treatment', 41-57.

Powell, David, Review Essay: 'Northamptonshire Prodigies', 89-92.

Storey, Edward, Review Essay: 'Clare's Influence on the Writer's Imagination', 85-9.




Adams, Anna, 'Born not made? largely about John Clare', Acumen, 23 (Sep), 29-34.

Cafarelli, Annette Wheeler, 'The Romantic "Peasant" Poets and their Patrons', The Wordsworth Circle, 26, 77-87, a survey of Clare's 'self-taught' predecessors.

Goodridge, John, 'Clare Should Belong to Us All', Independent on Sunday, 23 July), letter to the editor about the copyright issue.

— Introduction to The Works of John Clare (Ware, Herts: Wordsworth Editions), pp. ix-xiv.

Green, Jenny, 'John Clare (1793-1864)' in Key Poets: Classic Poetry for the National Curriculum Key Stages 3 and 4 (London: Penguin, 1995), pp. 336-49, an introduction and selection for secondary school children.

Martin, Philip, 'Authorial Identity and the Critical Act: John Clare and Lord Byron', in Questioning Romanticism, ed. by John Beer (Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press), pp. 71-91 and 278-80.

Martin, R.A., 'The Geology and Scenery of Clare's Parish', JCSN, 50 (Dec), 2-5 (first publication cited as Journal of the Northamptonshire Natural History Society, 41, no. 2 (1993), unseen).

Paulin, Tom, 'John Clare: a Northamptonshire Visionary', English Review, 5 (4) (April), 6-8.

Powell, David, 'A Day at Colindale', JCSN, 49 (Sep), 4-6.

Robinson, Eric, David Powell and P.M.S Dawson, Introduction to John Clare, Northborough Sonnets (Ashington and Manchester: Mid-Northumberland Arts Group and Carcanet Press), pp. vii-xxii.

Stummer, Robin and Nick Curwin, 'John Clare's Lost Poems Revealed', Independent on Sunday, 16 July, news story.

Tate, Ann, 'Fields of Dreams', The Lady, 14-20 March 1995, p. 64, reprinted as 'The Northamptonshire Flora' in JCSN, 49 (Sep), pp. 8-9.

Wareham, John, 'Clare's "The Awthorn"', The Explicator, 53 (4), 197-200.

Yamakage, Takashi, 'The Transformation of John Clare's Muse', in Centre and Circumference: Essays in English Romanticism (Tokyo: Kirihawa Shoten), Association of English Romanticism in Japan.

Young, Robin, 'At the margins: outsider-figures in nineteenth-century poetry', in Poetry in the British Isles: Non-Metropolitan Perspectives, ed. by Hans-Werner Ludwig and Lothar Fietz (Cardiff: University of Wales Press), pp. 31-45.


(d) JCSJ, 14 (1995), 'Clare and Ecology'

Bate, Jonathan, 'The Rights of Nature', 7-15.

Blythe, Ronald, 'Solvitur Ambulando: John Clare and Footpath Walking', 17-27.

Coletta, W. John, 'Ecological Aesthetics and the Natural History Poetry of John Clare', 29-46.

Crossan, Greg, 'Review Essay: Bicentenary Essays', 89-91.

Fulford, Tim, 'Cowper, Wordsworth, Clare: the Politics of Trees', 47-59.

Mabey, Richard, 'Guest Editorial: Clare and Ecology', 5-6.

Robinson, Eric, 'John Clare and Weather-Lore', 61-79.

Swingle, L.J., 'John Clare and the Heedless Beetle', 81-7.

Thornton, Kelsey, 'Review Essay: Shepherd's Calendars', 91-2.




Barton, Anne, 'John Clare reads Lord Byron', Romanticism, 2 (2), 127-48.

— 'The Village Genius', New York Review of Books, 43 (20) (19 Dec), 42-8, a review of Middle Poems I-II.

Blythe, Ronald, 'Thomas Hardy and John Clare: a Soil Observed, a Soil Ploughed', in Charles P.C. Pettit (ed.), Celebrating Thomas Hardy: Insights and Appreciations (London: Macmillan; New York: St. Martin's Press), pp. 54-67, reprinted in his Talking About John Clare, 1999, listed below.

Burwick, Frederick, 'Clare's "Child Harold", in his Poetic Madness and the Romantic Imagination (University park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press), pp. 254-75.

Bygrave, Stephen, 'Romantic Poets and Contexts' in Approaching Literature: Romantic Writings, ed. by Stephen Bygrave (London: Routledge, in association with the Open University), pp. 3-7, critical discussion of 'I Am'.

Crossan, Greg, 'Another Tale of Two Clares', JCSN, 53 (Sep), 9.

Dawson, P.M.S., 'Common Sense or Radicalism? Some Reflections on Clare's Politics', Romanticism, 2 (1), 81-97.

Doyle, Dennis, 'John Clare's Gardens', faculty publication, Shukutoku University, Japan.

Erickson, Lee, The Economy of Literary Form: English Literature and the Industrialization of Publishing, 1800-1850 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press), makes several references to Clare.

Goodridge, John, 'John Clare, 1793-1864; English poet', Reader's Guide to Literature in English, ed. by Mark Hawkins-Dady (Chicago and London: Fitzroy Dearborn), a survey of major critical work.

Heyes, Bob, 'Some Friends of John Clare: the Poet and the Scientists', Romanticism, 2 (1), 98-109.

— 'A Tale of Two Clares', JCSN, 51 (March), 4-6.

Hill, Christopher, Liberty Against the Law: Some Sevententh-Century Controversies (London: Penguin/Allen Lane), pp. 311-24.

Leader, Zachary, 'John Taylor and the Poems of Clare', in his Revision and Romantic Authorship (Oxford: Clarendon Press), pp. 206-61.

Mabey, Richard, Flora Britannica (London: Sinclair-Stevenson), contains a dozen or more citations to Clare as a botanical witness.

McEathron, Scott, 'John Clare and Charles Lamb: Friends in the Past', Charles Lamb Bulletin, n.s. 95 (July), 98-109.

Nye, Robert, 'Spirit and Stink Bombs', The Times, 4 Jan, a review of Northborough Sonnets and Michael Hamburger's poems.

Peterfreund, Stuart, 'Clare, White, the Poets and the modalities of mediation', The Wordsworth Circle, 27 (3) (Summer), 145-51.

Pratt, Jean and Geoff, Short Walks from Cambridgeshire Pubs (Newbury: Countryside).

Robinson, Eric H., 'John Clare (1793-1864) and James Plumtre (1771-1832), "a methodistical parson"', Trans. Cambridge Bibliographical Society, XI, 59-88.

— and David Powell, Introduction to John Clare By Himself (Ashington and Manchester: Mid-Northumberland Arts Group and Carcanet Press), pp. vii-xxi.

—, David Powell and P.M.S. Dawson, Introduction to John Clare, Poems of the Middle Period, I-II (Oxford: Clarendon Press), pp. ix-xxii.

Sales, Roger, 'The John Clare Revival', Literature and History, 3rd ser., 5, no. 2 (Autumn), 68-72, review of Haughton, Context and Lucas (1994).

Sanada, Simon, 'Landscape in John Clare and Peter de Wint', Aichi University Eibunkai Essays, Japan, pp. 145-54.

Smith, J.B., 'Towards a Demystification of Lawrence Lazy', Folklore, 107, 101-5.

Wareham, John, 'Clare's "Mouse's Nest"', The Explicator, 55, no. 1, 17-19.



Colclough, Stephen M., 'Voicing Loss: Versions of Pastoral in the Poetry of John Clare, 1817-1832', PhD dissertation, University of Keele.

Phillips, William Charles, 'John Clare: A Critical Reassessment', PhD dissertation, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.


(d) JCSJ, 15 (1996)

Blamires, David, 'Chapbooks, Fairytales and Children's Books in the Writings of John Clare: Part I', 27-53.

Blunden, Edmund, 'Beginner's Luck', 5-10 (see also 1971(a)).

Engels, William C., 'Clare's Mocking Tone in "An Invite to Eternity'", 57-67.

Keegan, Bridget, 'Broadsides, Ballads and Books: the Landscape of Cultural Literacy in "The Village Minstrel"', 11-19.

Shepherd, Valerie, 'Review Essay: Anne Elizabeth Baker's Glossary of Northamptonshire Words and Phrases and John Clare's "Rustic Idiom"', 69-75.

Smith, Matthew, 'The "Peasant Poet" Replies: Sketches in the Life of John Clare as a Response to Taylor's Introduction to Poems Descriptive', 21-5.




Lucas, John (ed.), For John Clare: an Anthology of Verse (Helpston: The John Clare Society), reviewed in Other Poetry, II (9) (Nov), 75-6.



Camaiora, Luisa Conti, 'Poetical Inspiration and Editorial Intervention in John Clare's Sonnet to the Memory of John Keats', Quaderni di Lingue e Letterature (Verona, Italy), 22, 61-70, discusses the editing and text of this sonnet.

Coletta, W. John, '"Writing Larks": John Clare's Semiosis of Nature', The Wordsworth Circle, 28 (3), 192-200.

Jarvis, Robin, Romantic Writing and Pedestrian Travel (London: Macmillan), esp. ch. 6, 'Gender, Class, and Walking: Dorothy Wordsworth and John Clare'.

Kavanagh, P.J., 'Bywords', Times Literary Supplement, 7 Feb, p. 16, on Clare's love poems.

Lines, Rodney, 'John Clare's Pubs', Peterborough Pub History Journal 1997.

Mabey, Richard, 'Hidden as a Thought Unborn' in The Book of Nightingales (London: Sinclair-Stevenson), pp. 93-105, based on his 1993 book, listed above.

Phillips, W.C. 'Clare's Sonnets', Proceedings of the 18th Asociación de estudios anglo-norteamericanos (AEDEAN) Congress at Alcalá de Henares, 1994 (Alcalá de Henares: Universidad de Alcalá), pp. 615-22.

Suzuki, Renichi, 'Clare and the Religion in "The Parish"' (Memoir of The Faculty of General Education, Kumamoto University, Foreign Language and Literature, no. 32), in Japanese.

Thornton, R.K.R., Introduction to John Clare, Selected Poems (London: J.M. Dent), Everyman's Poetry series, pp. xi-xvi.

Wareham, John, The Poetry of John Clare (Leicester: English Association, Bookmark Series), pamphlet.

Wells, Robert, 'The waking dream of fact', Times Literary Supplement, 13 June, pp. 3-4, review of Middle Poems, I-II.

Zimmer, Paul, 'John Clare's "I Am"', in Touchstones: American Poets on a Favorite Poem, ed. by Robert Park and Say Parini (Hanover, NH: University Press of New England Press), pp. 315-18.



Miller, Eric Anderson Campbell, 'System and Nemesis: Christopher Smart, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, John Clare and the Legacy of Linnaeus', PhD dissertation, University of Virginia; Dissertation Abstracts International, 58 (7), 2640.


(d) JCSJ, 16 (1997)

Blamires, David, 'Chapbooks, Fairytales and Children's Books in the Writings of John Clare: Part II', 43-70.

Dawson, P.M.S., 'Clare and the Ideology of "Common Sense"', 71-8.

Heyes, Bob, '"Triumphs of Time": John Clare and the Uses of Antiquity', 5-17.

Lamont, Claire, '"The essence and simplicity of true poetry": John Clare and Folk-song', 19-33.

Rippingille, E.V., 'Rippingille's Memoir of Burlowe the Sculptor', 35-41.




Burwick, Frederick, 'Romantic Madness: Holderlin, Nerval, Clare', in Cultural Interactions in the Romantic Age: Critical Essays in Comparative Literature, ed. by Gregory Maertz (New York, NY: State University of New York, Albany, 1998), pp. 29-51.

Goodridge, John, 'Out There in the Night: Rituals of Nurture and Exclusion in Clare's "St. Martin's Eve"', Romanticism, 4 (1), 202-11.

— 'Telling Stories: Clare, Folk Culture, and Narrative Techniques', The Wordsworth Circle, 29 (3) (Summer), 164-7.

Janowitz, Anne, Lyric and Labour in the Romantic Tradition (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 33-4, 108-12.

— 'Clare Among the Gipsies', The Wordsworth Circle, 29 (3) (Summer), 167-70.

Kelley, Theresa M., 'Postmodernism, Romanticism, and John Clare', in Thomas Pfau and Robert F. Gleckner (eds), Lessons of Romanticism: a Critical Companion (Durham, NC and London: Duke University Press), pp. 157-70.

Lewis, Stephen, 'John Clare and the Bees', JCSN, 62 (Dec), 4-5.

Lincoln, John, 'John Clare: Poet—or Stonemason', JCSN, 62 (Dec), 6-7.

Lodge, Sara, 'Hood, Clare, and the "Mary" chain', Notes and Queries, n.s. 45, 205-8.

Lucas, John, 'Crabbe's Disorderly Nature', in Writing the Environment: Ecocriticism and Literature, ed. by Richard Kerridge and Neil Sammells (London: Zed Books), pp. 110-23, compares Crabbe and Clare.

Mahood, M. M., 'John Clare: The Poet as Raptor', Essays in Criticism, 48 (3), 201-23.

Preen, David, 'John Clare's Claims in the National Curriculum', The Use of English, 50 (1) (Autumn), 1-11

Rattenbury, Arnold, 'John Clare and the Bikers', London Magazine, n.s. 38, nos. 9-10 (Dec 1998/Jan 1999), 33-42, critiques 'heritage' Clare.

Robinson, Eric, David Powell and P.M.S. Dawson, Introduction to John Clare, Poems of the Middle Period, III-IV (Oxford: Clarendon Press), pp. ix-xl.

Rogers, Byron, 'Hospital Story', Saga Magazine, June, pp. 62-7, on St. Andrews Hospital, Northampton, and its history.

Sail, Lawrence, 'Dens and Displays', PN Review, 119 (Jan-Feb), 4-5, includes an account of a trip to Helpston in search of Clare.

Stillinger, Jack, Review of John Clare, Poems of the Middle Period, I-II, Keats-Shelley Journal, 47, 201-2.

Swartz, Richard G., '"Their terror came upon me tenfold": Literacy and ghosts in John Clare's Autobiography', in Thomas Pfau and Robert F. Gleckner (eds), Lessons of Romanticism: a Critical Companion (Durham, NC and London: Duke University Press), pp. 328-46.

Traynar, H. Keith, 'The Joyces of Glinton', JCSN, 60 (June), 4.



Taylor, Cathy, 'The Resurrection of Child Harold: A Transcription of Nor, MS6 and a Reconsideration of John Clare's Child Harold and Related Writings', PhD dissertation, University of York.


(d) JCSJ, 17 (1998)

Cox, Peter, '"A Liking to Use the Pen": Edward Villiers Rippingille and John Clare', 17-33.

Harrison, Gary, '"Ambition's Projects": Peasant and Poet in John Clare's "The Wish" and "Helpstone"', 41-58.

Haughton, Hugh, 'Review Essay: Revision and Romantic authorship: the case of Clare', 65-73.

Keegan, Bridget, 'Review Essay: "A sun in songs posterity": recent publications on John Clare and self-taught poets', 73-7.

Moyse, Mary, 'New Light On Clare's Eldest Surviving Son', 59-63.

Paulin, Tom, 'The Writing Lark: A Letter to John Clare', 5-15, poem.

Sylvester, Louise, '"The Misterys of His Art": A Moment of Ambiguity in Clare's "Autobiography"', 35-40.




Blythe, Ronald, Talking About John Clare (Nottingham: Trent Books).

Hold, Trevor, A John Clare Songbook, for high voice and piano (London: Thames Publishing [1999]), distributed by William Elkin Music Services, Norwich.



Chilcott, Tim, Introduction to John Clare, The Living Year 1841 (Nottingham: Trent Editions), pp. [vii]-xvii.

Clay, Arnold, John Clare, The Peasant Poet (no publisher named), pamphlet.

Colclough, Stephen, 'Clare and the Annuals: A Previously Unpublished Letter from John Clare to L. T. Ventouillac, Editor of "The Iris"', Notes and Queries, n.s. 46, 468-70.

Coletta, W. John, 'Literary Biosemiotics and the Postmodern Ecology of John Clare', Semiotica, 127 (1-4), 239-71.

Fitter, Richard, 'Clare's Birds and Wild Flowers', JCSN, 66 (Dec 1999), 2-5, and 67 (March 2000), 3-4.

Harvey, A.D., 'Working-Class Poets and Self-Education', Contemporary Review, 274 (May), 252.

Heyes, Bob, Review of Poems of the Middle Period, III-IV, English, 48 (Spring), 65-6.

Hurtrez, Lionel, 'Nature and God: Clare's "The Progress of rhyme" and Hölderlin's "Da ich ein Knabe war"', JCSN, 64 (June), 8-9.

Keegan, Bridget, Review of Poems of the Middle Period, III-IV and Robert Bloomfield, Selected Poems, The Wordsworth Circle, 30 (4) (Fall), 232.

Keith, W.J., Review of Poems of the Middle Period, I-II, JEGP, 98 (1), 127-9.

Kelley, Theresa M., 'Romantic Interiority and Cultural Objects', Romantic Circles Praxis Series, number on Romanticism and Philosophy in an Historical Age

(Aug), published online at: <>.

Kövesi, Simon, Introduction to John Clare, Love Poems (Bangkok: M & C Services Co.), pp. ix-xvi.

Larissy, Edward (ed.), Postmodernism and Romanticism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), contains two essays which refer briefly to Clare: Paul Hamilton, 'From Sublimity to Indeterminacy: New World Order or Aftermath of Romantic Ideology', pp. 13-28 (p. 18); and Fred Botting, 'Virtual Romanticism', pp. 98-112 (p. 112).

Mabey, Richard, Selected Writings 1974-1999 (London: Chatto and Windus, 1999), pp. 52, 123, 127, 203, 261, brief but valuable comments on Clare.

Mahood, Molly, 'Problems about Clare's Plants', JCSN, 63 (March), 7.

McEathron, Scott, 'Wordsworth, Lyrical Ballads and the Problem of Peasant Poetry', Nineteenth-Century Literature, 54 (1), 1-26, a valuable contextualising essay which mentions Clare briefly.

McKusick, James C., 'John Clare's Version of Pastoral', The Wordsworth Circle, 30 (2), 80-4.

Perkins, David, 'Sweet Helpston! John Clare on Badger Baiting', Studies in Romanticism, 38 (3), 387-407.

Russett, Margaret, 'Like "Wedding Gowns or Money from the Mint": Clare's Borrowed Inheritance', Romantic Circles Praxis Series, number on Romanticism and the Law (March 1999), published online at: <>.

Zimmerman, Sarah M., Romanticism, Lyricism, and History (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press), esp. ch. 5, 'John Clare's Poetics and Politics of Loss', pp. 147-84.


The following press articles, listed chronologically, cover the dispute over Clare's copyright (see also items under 2000 (b) and (d):

Tonkin, Boyd, 'The People's Poet Must Be Set Free', Independent on Sunday, 10 July, Weekend Review section.

Jarvis, Edward, 'Clare Advantage', Nottingham Evening Post, 21 July, p. 19.

Pavitt, Analise, 'Academics in War of Words', Peterborough Evening Telegraph, 6 Aug, pp. 2, 8-9.

Wallace, Jennifer, 'Dead Poet's Propriety', Times Higher, 13 Aug, p. 15.

Phelps, Humphrey, 'People's Poet', Countryman, 104 (Summer), 104-6.

Nicolson, Stuart, 'Academic's Quest for Poetic Justice', The Scotsman, 16 Nov, p. 3.



Cooper, Mike, '"Where castles stood and grandeur died": John Clare in the City', MA dissertation, Open University.

Heyes, Robert, '"Looking to Futurity": John Clare and Provincial Culture', PhD dissertation, Birkbeck College, University of London.

Kövesi, Simon, 'Sexuality, Agency and Intertextuality in the Later Poetry of John Clare', PhD dissertation, The Nottingham Trent University.



JCSJ, 18 (1999)

Barton, Anne, 'Clare's Animals: The Wild and the Tame', 5-21.

Crossan, Greg, 'Samuel Williams' Illustrations of Clare's The Shepherd's Calendar,' 23-[36].

Dawson, P.M.S. and David Powell, 'Clare and His Publishers: an Unpublished Prose Work', 65-9.

Kövesi, Simon, '"Her Curious House Is Hidden": Secrecy and Femininity in John Clare's Nest Poems', 51-63.

Simpson, David, 'Is the Academy Ready for John Clare?', 70-8.

Vardy, Alan, 'Clare and Political Equivocation', 37-48.




Clay, Arnold, 'Itching After Rhyme': A Life of John Clare (Tunbridge Wells: Para Press), reviewed in JCSN, 69 (Sep), 12.

Goodridge, John, and Simon Kövesi (eds), John Clare: New Approaches and New Voices (Helpston: The John Clare Society).



Ashbery, John, Other Traditions: The Charles Eliot Norton Lectures (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press), Clare is one of six writers the poet discusses.

Barry, Peter, 'The Editorial Commentary', English, 49 (195), pp. 301-7. Review of small presses, Clare editing and the copyright controversy.

Bate, Jonathan, The Song of the Earth (London: Picador). Clare is a key figure in this study of poetry and ecology: see the review of it by Grevel Lindop, Times Literary Supplement, 2 June, p. 12.

— 'Work in Progress', JCSN, 68 (June), 5-6, notes on his Clare biography.

Chirico, Paul, 'Writing for Money: The Correspondence of John Clare and Earl Spencer', Times Literary Supplement, 17 Nov, pp. 14-15.

Crawford, P., 'The Madness of John Clare', Mental Health Care, 3 (6), 182-7.

Crossan, Greg, Review of Middle Poems, III-IV, Notes and Queries, n.s. 47 (March), 1324-5.

Goodridge, John, '"Three Cheers for Mute Ingloriousness!": Gray's Elegy in the Poetry of John Clare', Critical Survey, 11 (3), 11-20.

Griffiths, Jonathan, 'Copyright in English Literature: Denying the Public Domain', European Intellectual Property Review, 22 (4), 150-3, a legal perspective on the Clare copyright dispute.

Keegan, Bridget, and James C. McKusick, 'John Clare (1793-1864)', in Literature and Nature: Four Centuries of English and American Nature Writing (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall), pp. 559-85, a useful short introduction and selection of poems.

Kövesi, Simon, Introduction to John Clare: Flower Poems (Bangkok: M & C Services).

— 'The John Clare Copyright: 1820-2000', The Wordsworth Circle, 31 (Summer).

McKusick, James C., Green Writing: Romanticism and Ecology (New York: St. Martins Press/Palgrave), ch. 3: The Ecological Vision of John Clare.

Moss, Stephen, 'Mystery Bird Solved', JCSN, 68 (June), 7-8.

Robinson, Eric, Introduction to John Clare, A Champion for the Poor: Political Verse and Prose, ed. by P.M.S. Dawson, Eric Robinson and David Powell (Ashington and Manchester: Mid-Northumberland Arts Group and Carcanet Press), pp. ix-lxiii.

— 'Scholarly Notes', John Clare Society of North America Newsletter, 2 (January), [4], note on Clare's vowel-free writing.

Storey, Mark, The Problem of Poetry in the Romantic Period (London: Macmillan), esp. ch. 5, 'Clare: "This sad non-identity"', and ch. 6, 'Byron and Clare; "An indigestion of the mind"'.

Zimmerman, Sarah M., 'Accounting for Clare', College English, 62 (4) (Jan), 317-34.

— 'Clare in the Libraries', John Clare Society of North America Newsletter, 2 (January), [4], note on private press and early editions in the University of Madison-Wisconsin Memorial Library.


The following press articles, listed chronologically, cover the dispute over Clare's copyright (see also items under 1999 (b) and 2000 (d):


Goodridge, John, John Barrell, Tim Chilcott, and 25 others, 'John Clare's Copyright' [letter], Times Literary Supplement, 14 July, p. 15.

Mendick, Robert, 'Poets Protest as US Scholar Corners Clare', Independent on Sunday, 16 July, p. 5.

Bate, Jonathan, 'Commentary: Don't Fence Him In', Times Literary Supplement, 21 July, pp. 14-15.

Leader, Zachary, 'Editorial Injustice in the Raw', Times Higher, 21 July, p. 16.

Goodridge, John, 'Poor Clare', The Guardian, 22 July, Weekend section, p. 3.

Kövesi, Simon, 'Whispers on a Not So Clear-cut Case of Publish and Be Damned', Times Higher, 4 Aug, pp. 20-1.

Jarvis, Edward, 'A War of Words to "Free" Poet', Nottingham Evening Post, 11 Aug, p. 31.

Groom, Nick, 'Readers' Reactions', Times Higher, 11 Aug, p. 16.

Ramsden, Alison, 'Readers' Reactions', Times Higher, 11 Aug, p. 16.

Percy, William A., 'John Clare Scholarship and Copyright' [letters], Times Literary Supplement, 11 Aug, p. 17.

Powell, David, 'John Clare Scholarship and Copyright' [letter], Times Literary Supplement, 11 Aug, p. 17.

Fletcher, C.V., 'Poems Belong to World' [letter], Nottingham Evening Post, 17 Aug, p. 26.

Kövesi, Simon, 'John Clare Scholarship and Copyright' [letter], Times Literary Supplement, 25 Aug, p. 17.

Burton, Raffell, 'John Clare Scholarship and Copyright' [letter], Times Literary Supplement, 25 Aug, p. 17.

Robinson, Eric H., 'John Clare Scholarship and Copyright' [letter], Times Literary Supplement, 1 Sep, p. 17.

Goodridge, John, 'John Clare Copyright' [letter], Times Literary Supplement, 8 Sep, p. 17.

Wareham, John, 'John Clare Copyright' [letter], Times Literary Supplement, 8 Sep, p. 17.

Lloyd, Jonathan, 'John Clare Scholarship and Copyright' [letter], Times Literary Supplement, 22 Sep, p. 17.

Kövesi, Simon, 'John Clare Scholarship and Copyright' [letter], Times Literary Supplement, 29 Sep, p. 17.

Glover, Michael, 'The Clash of Paper Swords', Independent on Sunday, 1 Oct, Review Section, p. 61.

Cripps, Pete, 'Academics Row over Poet's Work', Peterborough Evening Telegraph, 6 Oct, p. 19.

Peters, Catherine, 'John Clare and Copyright' [letter], Times Literary Supplement, 6 Oct, p. 19.

Wells, Robert, 'John Clare Scholarship and Copyright' [letter], Times Literary Supplement, 20 Oct, p. 17.

Price, Matthew, 'Free and Clare', Lingua Franca 10 (8) (Nov), pp. 22-5.

Lloyd, Jonathan, 'John Clare copyright' [letter], Times Literary Supplement, 3 Nov, p. 21.


(d) JCSJ, 19 (2000)

Bate, Jonathan, 'John Clare's Copyright, 1854-1893', 19-32.

Blythe, Ronald, 'John Clare In Scotland', 73-81.

Chilcott, Tim, 'Child Harold or Child Harolds: The Editing of Clare's Texts', 5-17.

Chirico, Paul, '"The Woodman" and the Natural Anthology', 41-51.

Worrall, David, '"Obnoxious Performance": The Plebeian Culture of Theatre, Street, and Stage in Romantic-Period Melodrama', 53-60.


This bibliographical survey was prepared by John Goodridge for the John Clare Society's latest print publication, John Clare: New Approaches, a collection of twelve new critical essays edited by John Goodridge and Simon Kövesi. To order this book and others about John Clare (£7.95, paperback, 288 pages, available by mail order in  March 2001), visit The John Clare Society's page (SK).

Last Update: SK, January 2001